New York Turnverein, 66-68 East 4th Street, ca. 1875. Collection New-York Historical Society.
Little Germany

By the time of the Civil War, 200,000 German immigrants had settled in New York City -- one quarter of the city's population. Many settled in Kleindeutschland, located around Third Avenue and 86th Street. While this neighborhood was one of America's first large foreign-speaking communities, it was itself a landscape of smaller communities, where emigrants from different German regions clustered around their own churches, singing societies, and charitable organizations.